Children who are exposed to violence are at increased risk for various social and behavioural problems in adolescence and adulthood, including substance use, mental health problems, risky sexual behaviour, and violence. Children who grow up with violence indicate that watching one parent harm the other while being powerless to stop the abuse is a least as deleterious as being the victim oneself. Children in abusive homes often are witness to and even forced to participate in animal cruelty. Being forced to participate in the abuse of a pet is sometimes a parental requirement, one that likely puts the child on the road to becoming a violent perpetrator. Research shows that unless children affected by violence receive effective interventions, they are likely to become violent as adults or continue to be victims of violence. This becomes the generational cycle of violence. The overall well being of a community is related to the wellbeing of its residents, especially children.